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Development of babies between 0 and 3 months

Every child and their development are different. The age we use in this article is an indication of an age range.

Visual development

The first few months of life are crucial for the development of infant vision. Babies live in a dark environment in the womb and their vision is limited. However, after birth, their vision develops rapidly, and by the age of six months, their vision can almost reach adult levels.

new born

The first few weeks of life are not easy for newborns. In this phase, you do not need any additional stimuli from the environment, since your body has already absorbed a lot in order to adapt to the changes in the environment, e.g. B. temperature, light, noise, etc. to adjust. Babies need their mother's closeness to give them security - the being they were familiar with before birth. When baby is ready, he will recognize his surroundings when awake and will slowly build trust in his surroundings.

new born baby and mother

Newborns have limited vision and can only see up to 30 cm. This distance is just enough for the child to see the mother's face and nipples. In this short distance, the child and mother develop a close emotional bond and a sense of security.

In general, babies are aware of their surroundings by 2 weeks of age; this is the right time for us parents to engage them with mobiles. In the first month, children are interested in contrasting colors and colors such as black and white. In the second month, children begin to perceive other bright colors.

Munari Mobile

With these unique characteristics of babies in mind, between 0-3 months, we have teamed up with experienced AMI certified Montessori educators and together we have developed a range of mobiles for your child to support their visual development. It's important to note that you don't interrupt your baby's attention when he or she is concentrating on the mobile. We can also swap out the mobiles if you notice your baby losing interest in a mobile.

 baby mobile

Discover the Montessori material that our educators have developed for babies at this stage by here. . click

Gross Motor Development

Gross motor development in the first year of life is closely related to the development of myelination (the process of neurodevelopment that accelerates the transmission of neuronal information). Moms and Dads who want to learn more about this scientific principle can click on this link to learn more about neurological basics.

Myelination in details

baby grab reflex

Many of newborn babies' gross movements are controlled by reflexes, and they can only autonomously control a few basic survival functions, such as breathing, heartbeat, and the muscles in the mouth and throat used to feed, swallow, and cry. By about a month of age, babies have control of their eyes and can follow their gaze and begin to see their mother's and father's faces in front of them. Babies can control their head and neck by the second month of life. When they are lying on the mat, they can raise their heads for a while. The reflex activities slowly decrease. In the third month of life, the child can reach for objects that are in front of him. When a parent puts an object in their hands, they can grab it. He begins to pay attention to the object in front of him and to touch or put his mouth in order to explore it.

That's why we developed a hanging ring in the 3rd month of life to support your child's gross motor development.  

ring mobile

Fine motor development

Gross motor movements allow children to approach and enter the environment, and fine motor movements allow children to engage with the environment. As mothers and fathers, we can support our children in developing and honing their fine motor skills by providing them with the right materials and activities. Babies 0-2 months old have a grasping reflex, which is an unconscious act. At 3 months, babies begin to consciously grasp and stretch.

Grasping materials support the development of baby's fine motor skills, especially grasping and grasping.


Discover the Montessori material that our educators have developed for babies at this stage by here. . click



  1. The Montessori Baby: A Parent's Guide to Nurturing Your Baby by Junnifa Uzodike and Simone Davies
  2. The Absorbent Mind Book by Maria Montessori
  3. Understanding Man The Significance of the First Three Years of Life (Clio Montessori) by Silvana Q. Montanaro

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